Ginger: Medicine or Food?

 

Ginger is probably one of the world’s favorite medicines and cooking ingredients. A perennial herb native to China and India, ginger root has been used for centuries in Asian cooking and for its therapeutic properties. Its many different varieties are cultivated throughout Asia, Australia, South America, Jamaica and the U.S. Its delicate green leaves, resembling baby spinach, can be eaten in salads, but the roots of the plant, called rhizomes, are where the benefits of ginger root lie.

Aids in Digestion – Ginger is perhaps the best herb for digestion. It helps break down proteins to rid the stomach and intestines of gas. It also aids in the digestion of fatty foods.

Alleviates High Blood Pressure – Ginger’s warming quality improves and stimulates circulation and relaxes the muscles surrounding blood vessels, facilitating the flow of blood throughout the body.

Treats Nausea and Morning Sickness – Ginger has been widely shown to prevent as well as treat motion sickness, relax the stomach and relieve the feeling of nausea.

Lowers LDL Cholesterol – Studies demonstrate that ginger can lower cholesterol levels by reducing cholesterol absorption in the blood and liver. Its extract can help reduce the levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol in the body, reducing the risk of developing heart disease.

Other health benefits:
Ginger root may help treat ulcers.
Ginger possesses anti-inflammatory properties that could help with arthritis.
Ginger root has been used to fight off and alleviate the symptoms of colds and flu, as it contains immunity-boosting abilities. Hot ginger compresses and baths can help relieve gout, arthritis, headaches and spinal pain. Ginger is believed to improve the complexion because of its tremendous ability to increase circulation.

Using Ginger
Whenever possible, choose fresh ginger over the dried form of the spice since it is not only superior in flavor but contains higher levels of gingerol as well as ginger’s active protease (its anti-inflammatory compound). Fresh ginger root is sold in the produce section of markets. When purchasing fresh ginger root, look for a root with a firm, smooth skin, free of mold and as few twists and joints as possible. If it is wrinkled, it is drying out and will be woody inside.
Ginger is generally available in two forms, either young or mature. Mature ginger, the more widely available type, has a tough skin that requires peeling while young ginger, usually only available in Asian markets, does not need to be peeled.
To remove the skin from fresh mature ginger, peel with a paring knife. The ginger can then be sliced, minced or julienne. The taste that ginger imparts to a dish depends upon when it is added during the cooking process. Added at the beginning, it will lend a subtler effect.

By combining the complementary flavors of sweet ginger with the pungency of garlic not only adds a wonderful taste, their anti-viral qualities are an excellent cure for colds and flu.
Brewed as a tea, it induces sweating, which helps fevers run their course. It also tones and helps boost the immune system.
For a cup of fresh ginger tea, steep about five or six thin slices of ginger root to hot water. Add lemon and sweetener if desired.
Fresh ginger can be stored in the refrigerator in an airy container for up to three weeks if it is left unpeeled. Stored unpeeled in the freezer, it will keep for up to six months.

CHINESE GINGER SAUCE (serves 4)

13 calories per serving
Serve over grains or noodles or add to vegetable dishes  such as water-sautéed broccoli and cabbage, sautéed root vegetables or wok-fried Chinese cabbage and tofu.
 
1 cup water
2 TB arrowroot or kudzu, diluted in 5 TB spring water
1 TB ginger juice
1 TB umeboshi paste
1 tsp. shoyu or tamari
2 drops Stevia liquid

Combine all ingredients in a bowl and stir until well blended. Simmer the ingredients in a saucepan for 5 to 7 minutes, until it begins to thicken. Stir often to avoid burning.
Serve over rice or noodles.

For vegetables: After the vegetables have cooked, blend in the sauce and simmer for 3 to 5 minutes.

by Jan London

Jan London has been a natural foods chef and educator for 25 years worldwide. Her new cookbook, Coconut Cuisine featuring Stevia, presents 130 original vegan and raw recipes for health conscious food lovers. Phone 561-585-0940 or visit: happystomach.com.

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